Hoora Hashemi, Malihe Hassanzadeh and Massoud Amanlou Pages 834 - 840 ( 7 )
Aim and objective: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a progressing autoimmune inflammatory disease of joint, hallmarked by inflammation, pain and atrophy of bones. Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) is a novel inflammatory mediator in RA, and TLR5 inhibitors are speculated to have a therapeutic potential for the treatment of RA.Material and method: Here we applied fragment pharmacophore-based virtual screening to identify novel TLR5 ligands. Results: Among compounds collected from Otava peptidomimetic compounds, Maybridge fragment and ZINC libraries, 3355 compounds were selected for docking into the flagellin-binding site of TLR5. 16 compounds with the required interaction, critical amino acid residues and the binding free energies <-7 kcal/mol were identified as potential TLR5 inhibitors, one of which was followed up by molecular dynamics simulation. Conclusion: These compounds open a possibility to discover novel TLR5 inhibitors for the treatment of RA.
Fragment-based, molecular docking, pharmacophore model, TLR5, virtual screening, molecular dynamics.
Department of Medicinal Chemistry & Drug Design and Development Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box: 14155-6451, Tehran, Iran.