Mustafa Begenc Tascanov* Pages 69 - 75 ( 7 )
Background: Tissue fibrosis increases in the structure of the atrial tissue of atrial fibrillation patients. Prolidase enzyme regulates collagen synthesis. There may be an association between electrocardiography (ECG) findings and prolidase activity.
Objective: This study investigated the association between atrial conduction time and prolidase activity, a collagen synthesis enzyme, and P-wave dispersion (PWD) in patients with Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation (PAF).
Methods: Exclusion criteria included the age of <18 years, heart failure, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, malignancy, cerebrovascular disease, chronic respiratory distress, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, renal disease, cirrhosis, and other types of arrhythmia. Patients diagnosed with PAF within 48 hours were considered to have a definite diagnosis. PWD was calculated using a 12-lead ECG, and inter- and intraatrial electromechanical delay (EMD) was assessed using tissue Doppler imaging and conventional echocardiography. Serum prolidase levels were measured in both groups.
Results: A total of 43 patients with PAF (20 female, 23 male; mean age, 46.8 ± 5.7 years) and 42 healthy volunteers (21 female, 21 male; mean age, 43.9 ± 5.1 years) were included in the study.
Inter- and intraatrial EMD, PWD, minimum P-wave (Pmin), and maximum P-wave (Pmax) measurements were significantly higher (39.7 ± 2.7, 35.7 ± 2.3, p < 0.001; 13.2 ± 2.6, 8.5 ± 1.9, p < 0.001; 47.1 ± 11, 24.1 ± 7.1, p < 0.001; 69.8 ± 8.8, 66.7 ± 10.2, p < 0.130; 114.8 ± 13, 93.6 ± 8.6, p < 0.001, respectively) and serum prolidase levels were significantly lower in patients with PAF compared to healthy controls (3.96 ± 1.2, 8.5 ± 3.56, p < 0.001). In patients with PAF, correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between prolidase levels and intra- and interatrial EMD, PWD, and Pmax (r = -0.41, p < 0.05; r = -0.54, p < 0.05; r = -0.62, p < 0.05; r = -0.49, p < 0.05, respectively). Interatrial EMD showed a significant positive correlation with intraatrial EMD, Pmax, and PWD in patients with PAF (r = 0.90, p < 0.05; r = 0.574, p < 0.05; r = 0.43, p < 0.05, respectively). Additionally, the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was significantly higher in patients with PAF (6.6 ± 8, 1.8 ± 1.6, p < 0.001).
Conclusion: The decreased plasma prolidase activity in patients with PAF may explain the irregularity of the collagen metabolism of different extracellular components and may indicate the onset of atrial remodeling. Changes in PWD, interatrial EMD, and serum prolidase level may predict PAF before diagnosis.
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, prolidase, fibrosis, collagen synthesis, serum prolidase level, diagnosis.
Department of Cardiology, Harran University Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa