Dan Wu, Yi Ding* and JunBai Fan Pages 1 - 12 ( 12 )
Background: Esophageal carcinoma (ESCA) is a malignant tumor with high invasiveness and mortality. Autophagy has multiple roles in the development of cancer; however, there are limited data on autophagy genes associated with long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in ESCA. The purpose of this study was to screen potential diagnostic and prognostic molecules and to identify gene co-expression networks associated with autophagy in ESCA.
Methods: We downloaded transcriptome expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas and autophagy-related gene data from the Human Autophagy Database, and analyzed the co-expression of mRNAs and lncRNAs. In addition, the diagnostic and prognostic value of autophagy-related lncRNAs was analyzed by multivariate Cox regression. Furthermore, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis was carried out for high-risk patients, and enriched pathways were analyzed by gene set enrichment analysis.
Results: The results showed that genes of high-risk patients were enriched in protein export and spliceosome. Based on Cox stepwise regression and survival analysis, we identified seven autophagy-related lncRNAs with prognostic and diagnostic value, with the potential to be used as a combination to predict the prognosis of patients with ESCA. Finally, a co-expression network related to autophagy was constructed.
Conclusion: These results suggest that autophagy-related lncRNAs and the spliceosome play important parts in the pathogenesis of ESCA. Our findings provide new insight into the molecular mechanism of ESCA and suggest a new method for improving its treatment.
Autophagy, bioinformatics analysis, esophageal carcinoma, lncRNAs, mRNA, mortality.
Department of Anesthesiology, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030000, Shanxi Province, Department of Histology and Embryology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, Department of Anesthesiology, Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030000, Shanxi Province