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Prediction Mechanism of Nevadensin as Antibacterial Agent against S. sanguinis: In vitro and In silico Studies

Author(s):

Aldina Amalia Nur Shadrina, Yetty Herdiyati, Ika Wiani, Mieke Hemiawati Satari and Dikdik Kurnia*  

Abstract:


Background: Streptococcus sanguinis can contribute to tooth demineralization, which can lead to dental caries. Antibiotics used indefinitely to treat dental caries can lead to bacterial resistance. Discovering new antibacterial agents from natural products like Ocimum basilicum will help combat antibiotic resistance. In silico analysis (molecular docking) can help determine the lead compound by studying the molecular interaction between the drug and the target receptor (MurA enzyme and DNA gyrase). It is a potential candidate for antibacterial drug development.

Objective: The research objective is to isolate the secondary metabolite of O. basilicum extract that has activity against S. sanguinis through in vitro and in silico analysis.

Methods: n-Hexane extract of O. basilicum was purified by combining column chromatography with bioactivity-guided. The in vitro antibacterial activity against S. sanguinis was determined using the disc diffusion and microdilution method, while molecular docking simulation of nevadensin (1) with MurA enzyme and DNA gyrase was performed used PyRx 0.8 program.

Results: Nevadensin from O. basilicum was successfully isolated and characterized by spectroscopic methods. This compound showed antibacterial activity against S. sanguinis with MIC and MBC values of 3750 and 15000 μg/mL, respectively. In silico analysis showed that the binding affinity to MurA was -8.5 Kcal/mol, and the binding affinity to DNA gyrase was -6.7 Kcal/mol. The binding of nevadensin-MurA is greater than fosfomycin-MurA. Otherwise, Nevadensin-DNA gyrase has a weaker binding affinity than fluoroquinolone-DNA gyrase and chlorhexidine-DNA gyrase.

Conclusion: Nevadensin showed potential as a new natural antibacterial agent by inhibiting the MurA enzyme rather than DNA gyrase.

Keywords:

antibacterial, DNA gyrase, in vitro, in silico, MurA enzyme, nevadensin, Ocimum basilicum

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran , Bandung, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang



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