Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

Free Convective Flow of Hamilton-Crosser Model Gold-water Nanofluid Through a Channel with Permeable Moving Walls


Pradyuna Kuar Pattnaik, Munawwar Ali Abbas, Satyaranjan Mishra, Sami Ullah Khan and Muhammad Mubashir Bhatti*   Pages 1 - 12 ( 12 )


Background: The present manuscript analyzes the influence of buoyant forces of a conducting time-dependent nanofluid flow through porous moving walls. The medium is also filled with porous materials. In addition to that, uniform heat source and absorption parameters are considered that affect the nanofluid model.

Introduction: The model is based on the thermophysical properties of Hamilton-Crosser's nanofluid model, in which a gold nanoparticle is submerged into the base fluid water. Before simulation is obtained by a numerical method, suitable transformation is used to convert nonlinear coupled PDEs to ODEs.

Method: Runge-Kutta’s fourth-order scheme is applied successfully for the first-order ODEs in conjunction with the shooting technique.

Result: Computations for the coefficients of rate constants are presented through graphs, along with the behavior of several physical parameters augmented by the flow phenomena.

Conclusion: The present investigation may be compatible with the applications of biotechnology. It is seen that the inclusion of volume concentration and the fluid velocity enhances near the middle layer of the channel and retards near the permeable walls. Also, augmented values of the Reynolds number and both cooling and heating of the wall increase the rate of shear stress.


Time-dependent, free convection, conducting liquid, MHD, Hamilton-Crosser’s model, nanofluids.


Department of Mathematics, College of Engineering Technology, Bhubaneswar, Department of Mathematics, University of Baltistan Skardu, 16100, Gilgit-Baltistan, Department of Mathematics, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751030, Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal 57000, Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal 57000

Read Full-Text article