Feng Xu*, Xiangpei Wang, Xiujuan Wei, Teng Chen and Hongmei Wu*
Background: Musa basjoo pseudostem juice (MBSJ) is a well-known Chinese medicine, and Miao people use MBSJ to treat diabetes. In this work, the active ingredients and molecular mechanism of MBSJ against diabetes were explored.
Methods: Anti-diabetic activity of MBSJ was evaluated using diabetic rats, and then the ingredients in the small-polar parts of MBSJ were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). Targets were obtained from several databases to develop the "ingredient-target-disease" network by Cytoscape. A collaborative analysis was carried out using the tools in Cytoscape and R packages, and molecular docking was also performed.
Results: MBSJ improved the oral glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance, and reduced fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein levels in the serum of diabetic rats. 13 potential compounds were identified by GC-MS for subsequent analysis, including Dibutyl phthalate, Oleamide, Stigmasterol, Stigmast-4-en-3-one, etc. The anti-diabetic effect of MBSJ was related to multiple signaling pathways, including Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, Phospholipase D signaling pathway, Endocrine resistance, Rap1 signaling pathway, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, etc. Molecular docking at least partially verified the screening results of network pharmacology.
Conclusion: MBSJ had good anti-diabetic activity. The small-polar parts of MBSJ were rich in anti-diabetic active ingredients. Furthermore, the analysis results showed that the anti-diabetic effect of the small-polar parts of MBSJ may be the result of multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. The current research results can provide important support for studying the active ingredients and exploring the underlying mechanism of MBSJ against diabetes.
Chinese medicine, oral glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, lipid metabolism, active ingredients, insulin
College of Pharmacy, Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang, 550025, College of National Medicine, Guizhou Minzu University, Guiyang, 550025, College of Pharmacy, Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang, 550025, College of Pharmacy, Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang, 550025, College of Pharmacy, Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang, 550025