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Optimal Homotopic Exploration of features of Cattaneo-Christov model in Second Grade Nanofluid flow via Darcy-Forchheimer medium subject to Viscous Dissipation and Thermal Radiation

Author(s):

Ghulam Rasool, Anum Shafiq*, Yu-Ming Chu, Muhammad Shoaib Bhutta and Amjad Ali  

Abstract:


Introduction: In this article Optimal Homotopy analysis method (oHAM) is used for exploration of the features of Cattaneo-Christov model in viscous and chemically reactive nanofluid flow through a porous medium with stretching velocity at the solid/sheet surface and free stream velocity at the free surface.

Methods: The two important aspects, Brownian motion and Thermophoresis are considered. Thermal radiation is also included in present model. Based on the heat and mass flux, the Cattaneo-Christov model is implemented on the Temperature and Concentration distributions. The governing Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) are converted into Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) using similarity transformations. The results are achieved using the optimal homotopy analysis method (oHAM). The optimal convergence and residual errors have been calculated to preserve the validity of the model.

Results: The results are plotted graphically to see the variations in three main profiles i.e. momentum, temperature and concentration profile.

Conclusion: The outcomes indicate that skin friction enhances due to implementation of Darcy medium. It is also noted that the relaxation time parameter results in enhancement of the temperature distribution. Thermal radiation enhances the temperature distribution and so is the case with skin friction.

Keywords:

Forchheimer medium, Viscous Dissipation, Stretching Surface, Nanofluid, Cattaneo-Christov model

Affiliation:

Binjiang College, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Wuxi, Jiangsu, School of Mathematics and Statistics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Department of Mathematics, Huzhou University, Huzhou 313000, Binjiang College, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Wuxi, Jiangsu, School of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu



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