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An Analysis of the Practicalities of Multi-Color Nanoparticle Cellular Bar-Coding

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 5 ]


Paul Rees, M. Rowan Brown, John W. Wills and Huw Summers   Pages 362 - 369 ( 8 )


Many applications in biomedical research require the long-term identification and tracking of cells over time. In previous work we have demonstrated that by sequentially dosing a cell population with different emission wavelength nanoparticles it is possible to use the random number of nanoparticle loaded vesicles generated by the cells as a barcode for individual cells within the population. In this paper we develop a simple model to describe the number of codes that can be generated using this sequential loading protocol. The methodology is validated by comparison with experiment and subsequently used to predict the effect of varying the number of colors used to encode the cells and also to assess the effect of misreading the cellular code due to errors in imaging the vesicles.


Microscopy, nanoparticles, time-lapse, barcoding.


College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea SA28PP, UK.

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