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Synthesis, Conformational Analysis, Infrared, Raman and UV-Visible Spectra of Novel Schiff Bases compiled with DFT Calculations

[ Vol. 23 , Issue. 7 ]


Samy M. Ahmed, Ibrahim A. Shaaban, Elsayed H. El-Mossalamy and Tarek A. Mohamed*   Pages 568 - 586 ( 19 )


Objective: Two novel Schiff bases named, 2-((2-Hydroxybenzylidene)amino)-4,5,6,7- tetrahydrobenzo[b] thiophene-3-carbonitrile (BESB1) and 2-((Furan-2-ylmethylene)amino)-4,5,6, 7-tetrahydro-benzo[b]thiophene-3-carbonitrile (BESB2) were synthesized.

Methods: The structures were characterized based on CHN elemental analysis, mid-infrared (400– 4000 cm-1), Raman (100-4000 cm-1), 1H NMR, mass and UV-Vis spectroscopic measurements. In addition, quantum mechanical calculations using DFT-B3LYP method at 6-31G(d) basis set were carried out for both Schiff bases. Initially, we have carried out complete geometry optimizations followed by frequency calculations for the proposed conformational isomers; BESB1 (A–E) and BESB2 (F–J) based on the orientations of both CN and OH groups against the azomethine lonepair (NLP) in addition to the 3D assumption.

Results: The computational outcomes favor conformer A for BESB1 in which the C≡N and OH moieties are cis towards the NLP while conformer G is preferred for BESB2 (the C≡N/furan-O are cis/trans towards the NLP) which was found consistent with the results of relaxed potential energy surface scan. Aided by normal coordinate analysis of the Cartesian coordinate displacements, we have suggested reliable vibrational assignments for all observed IR and Raman bands. Moreover, the electronic absorption spectra for the favored conformers were predicted in DMSO solution using TD-B3LYP/6-31G(d) calculations. Similarly, the 1H NMR chemical shifts were also estimated using GIAO approach implementing PCM including solvent effects (DMSO-d6).

Conclusion: Proper interpretations of the observed electronic transition, chemical shifts, IR and Raman bands were presented in this study.


Thiophene azomethine derivatives, infrared, Raman and NMR spectra, vibrational assignment, DFT calculations, electronic transition.


Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Benha 13518, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo

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