Atul R. Chopade*, Rahul P. Pol, Pramod A. Patil, Vyankatesh R. Dharanguttikar, Nilofar S. Naikwade, Remeth J. Dias and Suraj N. Mali Pages 415 - 422 ( 8 )
The extracts and the compounds isolated from Phyllanthus amarus Schumm and Thonn (Family: Euphorbiaceae) have shown a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities including antiviral, antibacterial, antiplasmodial, antimalarial, antimicrobial, anticancer, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, nephroprotective and diurectic properties.
Background: This investigation was aimed at exploring the anxiolytic potential of Phyllanthus amarus standardized extracts and predict probable role of marker phyto constitutents.
Objective and Methods: Three standardized extracts of Phyllanthus amarus plant viz. standardized aqueous extract of Phyllanthus amarus whole plant (PAAE), standardized methanolic extract of P. amarus leaf (PAME) and the standardized hydro-methanolic extract of P. amarus leaf (PAHME) were tested in the classical animal models of anxiety: Elevated plus-maze model and Light & Dark Exploration test.
Results: The lower doses of the tannin rich extract (PAHME) of the P. amarus possess significant anxiolytic activity compared to lignin rich (PAME) and aqueous extracts (PAAE), while at a higher dose (400mg/kg) the results of all three extracts appears to be potentially sedative. While the molecular docking studies support these probable anxiolytic, the sedative effects of the Phyllanthus amarus extracts could be due to the interaction of tannins and lignans with the GABAbenzodiazepine receptor complex.
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that the tannin-rich extract of the P. amarus may have potential clinical applications in the management of anxiety. It can be further studied for optimum dosage to be used as a future of anti-anxiety drug development or as a standardized Phytomedicine.
Phyllanthus amarus, anxiety, phyllanthin, hypophyllanthin, corilagin, lignans.
Department of Pharmacology, Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon, 415404, Department of Pharmacology, Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli -416416, Department of Pharmacology, Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon, 415404, Department of Pharmacology, Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon, 415404, Department of Pharmacology, Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli -416416, Departement of Pharmacy, Govt. Polytechnic Jalgaon, Maharashtra, Departement of Pharmacy, Govt. College of Pharmacy, Karad, Maharashtra